London in 1543
By WHITTOCK, Nathaniel after WYNGRERDE, Antony van den, 1830
London, Westminster and Southwark as they appeared A.D. 1543. From a drawing by Antony van den Wyngrerde, Sutherland Collection, Bodleian Library, Oxford. The Monastery at Bermondsey from a drawing in the collection of Mr Upcot. Copied from the originals and engraved by Nathaniel Whittock.
- Author: WHITTOCK, Nathaniel after WYNGRERDE, Antony van den
- Publication place: London
- Publisher: Published by H.A. Rogers, 83 Hanley Road
- Publication date: 1849, but ?1896
- Physical description: Copper etching, printed on two sheets, key in lower margin with 128 references.
- Dimensions: Image: 400 by 725mm. (15.75 by 28.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 12486
In producing his panorama Whittock made use of a series of drawings in the Sutherland Collection, then in the Bodleian Library, today in the Ashmolean Museum. These drawings, by an artist from the Low Countries, Antonis van den Wyngaerde, together form a prospect over 3 metres length, and constitute our earliest general view of London. For the Bermondsey Abbey detail Whittock acknowledges the use of another source. Wheatley (see reference below) describes the outcome as ‘entirely untrustworthy.‘
Proposals were issued in c.1826 by Messrs. Harding, Tiphook and Lepard, booksellers, for a reduced facsimile of the original. It was never published. Nathaniel Whittock produced two tracings of the original, presenting one to Frederick Crace (which is now in the British Museum), and the other to the Corporation of London (now in Guildhall Library). The publication of his facsimile was announced in a handbill (copy in Guildhall Library’s Noble Collection). It was priced at 12s.6d, or 10s. unbound for framing. The publisher is given as Henry Gray, genealogical and topographical bookseller, 47 Leicester Square, W.C. The Folger Shakespeare Library has a loose advertisement dated 1896 announcing the [re]publication of the print. A prospectus, ‘with reduced facsimile’, would be sent ‘for one stamp.’ The London Topographical Society published a 7‑sheet facsimile of the original drawings in 1881–1882 as their Publication No. 1, with notes by Henry B. Wheatley. Keys to the buildings shown in the Wyngaerde view appear in the LTS’s more recent Publication No. 151 (see Colvin and Foister).
The present first state of the print bears the imprint ‘Published by Whittock and Hyde, 34 Richard Street, Islington, London.’. The present prospect is an example of the second state.
- Howgego, pp.5–6
- Howgego, J. (1978). Printed maps of London, circa 1553–1850. Folkestone: Dawson.
- J. Hayes, ‘Catalogue of Oil Paintings in the London Museum’ (London: HMSO 1970), pp.5–6
- F. Barker and P. Jackson, ‘London: 2000 Years…’ (London: Cassell 1974), pp.48–55
- D.B. Brown, ‘Ashmolean Museum, Oxford: Catalogue of Drawings’, vol. 4 (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1982), pp.6–9
- H. Colvin and S. Foister, ‘The Panorama of London circa 1544, by Antonis van den Wyngaerde’ (London: LTS, in assn. with the Ashmolean Museum 1996) .