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The Dutch and English colonies in Northeast America, with an iconic view of 'New Amsterdam'

Title
Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non Partis Virginie Tabula multis in locis emendata
Author
VISSCHER, Nicolas
Publisher
Nicholas Joannes Visscher
Publication place
Amsterdam,
Publication date
c1656
Dimensions
605 by 510mm. (23.75 by 20 inches).
Price
£6,400
Reference
15627

Description

Double-page engraved map with hand-colour.

Notes

Visscher's second state of Jansson's map of the Dutch and English colonies in North America. The view in the bottom right shows Manhattan roughly twenty-five years after its initial settlement.

This is likely the second published view of Manhattan, the first being that of Joost Hartges in 1651. The authorship of the Visscher view is not known. Some have claimed that it was drawn by the cartographer Augustine Herrman, although Stokes refutes this. Based on the identification of certain structures in the view, Stokes suggests a probable date for the original drawing of between 1652 and 1653. According to Burden, Jansson's "printed map could have appeared as early as the end of 1653, but no later than 1655".

The main body of the map, depicting the Dutch and English colonies in the Northeast, is derived from a map by Peter Minuit, who is credited with coordinating the purchase of Manhattan from the Lenape for the Dutch. Minuit's map was based on Adriaen Block's chart of 1614, as well as a manuscript map of the area that Adriaen van der Donck took back to Amsterdam in 1649.

One of van der Donck's hopes for his influential manuscript map, and also the goal of Visscher's printed map of the region, had been to entice more Dutch people to emigrate to the colonies. They attempted to achieve this goal by providing an attractive rendition of vast unsettled Dutch lands teeming with game. However, it seems that life was too comfortable in the Netherlands, since the small Dutch populations that settled New Amsterdam and Fort Orange were soon overwhelmed by an ever-swelling tide of hopeful English emigrants.

Bibliography

Burden 315; Tony Campbell, The Jansson-Visscher Maps of New England, in Tooley, the Mapping of America, page 284