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The final phase of the Peninsular War

A Map of the Western Pyrenees Mount[ai]ns and adjacent country, from Bayonne to St. Sebastian, Vittoria, Bilbao, Pameluna, and Jacca; With the Bearings & Distances from Bayonne, as also, the Passes and Roads
John Luffman,
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195 by 385mm. (7.75 by 15.25 inches).


Engraved map, hand coloured.


John Luffman (1751-1821) was one of the more interesting English publishers of the first decade of the nineteenth century; he began his career as an engraver, trained by John Bayly, a noted map engraver in the Goldsmiths' Company, producing a fine map of Antigua, where had resided in 1787 and 1789; however, and this was a common fate for engraver-mapmakers, he was declared bankrupt on 9th March, 1793, the bankruptcy certified on 21st December, 1793, and a dividend paid on 1st March, 1794. Although he continued in business, he was more cautious thereafter, restricting himself to producing small format atlases and handy-sized map of the theatres of war, principal towns and cities and battle-plans relating to the Wars of the French directorate and subsequent Napoleonic War.

Having engraved a good number of maps, Luffman later reprinted them as atlases, for example Luffman's collection, or a geographical & topographical atlas (1815-1816) and Plans of the principal fortresses in the Netherlands and on the French frontier ... (1816); the Newberry Library exemplar noted below seems to be from one such composite collection.

This attractive map depicts the final phase of the Peninsular War, in which the Anglo-Portuguese army, commanded by the Duke of Wellington, having fought its way up through Spain, sought to cross the Pyrenees into southern France.


Unrecorded on COPAC; British Museum, Department of Prints & Drawings, 1917,1208.4056; Newberry Library (Chicago) folio Ayer 135 .L94 1816 pl. [27]: bound in Luffman's Select plans of cities, harbours, forts, &c ... [1816?], but not called for in the original edition.