The Napoleonic War comes to South America
- A Map of Part of the Viceroyalty of Buenos Ayres 1806.
- ARROWSMITH, Aaron
- London, Published by A. Arrowsmith, No. 10 Soho Square,
- Publication date
- 26th November, 1806.
- 1000 by 540mm (39.25 by 21.25 inches).
Engraved map with fine original colour, some minor offsetting.
Rare map of Rio Plata and the northern regions, produced during the British Invasion of the Rio de la Plata.
The invasion was an attempt by the British to open a new theatre against the Spanish and French alliance by attacking Spanish interests in South America. To this end, a force was sent to gain control of the River Plate by conquering the dominant city of Buenos Aires. On June 27, 1806, a British force of some 1,500 men under the command of Colonel William Carr Beresford occupied the city. They held control for about six weeks, before surrendering on the 14th August to a militia consisting of 550 veterans and 400 soldiers, led by Santiago de Liniers y Bremond, a French nobleman and mercenary in the service of Spain.
A second, better-resourced, invasion followed in 1807, when a force of 10,000 men under the command of Lieutenant-General John Whitelock, attacked Buenos Aires on the 1st July. The British were, however, ill-prepared for urban combat and the locals eventually overwhelmed them. The Britsh had lost substantial numbers, and General Whitelock signed an armistice with de Liniers on the 12th August and left for home. These two resounding victories, which were achieved with little help from her colonial master Spain, have led many to site them as important mile stones along the road to Argentine Independence.
BLMC Maps 4.aa.32.