The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic
By STALPAERT, Daniel, 1662
Platte-Grondt van de Oude en Nieuwe Royinge der Stat Amsterdam.
- Author: STALPAERT, Daniel
- Publication place: Amsterdam
- Publisher: Johannes Covens and Cornelis Mortier
- Publication date: 1662 [but c1730].
- Physical description: Large engraved wall map on six sheets joined, mounted on linen, edged in green silk, light wear to old folds.
- Dimensions: 1230 by 1615mm (48.5 by 63.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 1919
The plan shows Amsterdam at the height of her powers, with the great Three Canals Project nearing completion. The Project, which was begun in 1610, was brought about by the rapid growth in the city’s population. The population had doubled between 1567 and 1610 to 50,000, and would by 1660 have quadrupled to 200,000. In order to cope with the ballooning population, the city council implemented the construction of three great semicircular canals, the erection of buildings on pilings, sanitary arrangements for each house, a network of drains and sewers, and the construction of merchants’ houses with storage facilities on the upper floors and warehouses near the mouth of the Amstel. The council expropriated the land, dug the canals, and laid out lots for sale to private individuals for housing, thus allowing some of the cost of construction to be recouped. At the end of the project Amsterdam had expanded from 450 to 1,800 acres.