Senex’s rare map of the Mississippi
By SENEX, John, 1721
Map of Louisiana and of the River Mississippi
- Author: SENEX, John
- Publication place: London
- Publisher: John Senex
- Publication date: 1721
- Dimensions: 490 by 580mm. (19.25 by 22.75 inches).
- Inventory reference: 10877
De L’Isle’s map had provided some important updates to cartographic knowledge of America including the first accurate representation of the mouth of the Mississippi, but it also claimed vast swathes of America for the French. Florida is not even named, but included in Louisiana; he described Carolina as belonging to the French by right and possession; and restricted the British colonies to the east of the Applachian Mountains.
Here, Senex restores Florida to the map, and ignores the French claim to Carolina. New Orleans does not appear either. He accurately maps the course of the Mississippi River and its tributaries (the Red, Arkansas and Missouri Rivers) and shows the Niagara Falls, with a note that they are 600 feet high. Senex also shows Texas for the first time following de L’Isle: Mission de las Teijas is marked.
The map is also notable for the detail given of the various Native American nations. The coast of the Gulf of Mexico is ominously marked “Wandering Indians and Man-Eaters”. To the North, the “Hurons”, “Natives of Petnn” and “Nation Neutre” are all marked as “destroyed”, the latter by the Iroquois.
- Phillips Atlases 563
- Phillips, P. (1909–1992). A list of goegrpahical atlases in the Library of Congress. Washington: Govt. Print. Off.
- Schwartz and Ehrenberg, The Mapping of America 141
- Schwartz, S. and Ehrenberg, R. (1980). The mapping of North America. New York: H. N. Abrams.