Rare manuscript plan of the of the battle of Sahay
Position de l’armee du Roy en bataille commandee par Messieurs les marechause de Broylie et de Belle Isle en presence de l’armee ennemie le 25 May 1742.
- Publication date: 1742.
- Physical description: Three manuscript plans on one map sheet, all with original hand-colour, dissected and mounted on linen, key to plans lower right and below plan.
- Dimensions: 340 by 300mm. (13.5 by 11.75 inches).
- Inventory reference: 2743
The three plans give a detailed picture of the position of the French army in the build up and commencement of the battle. Below the plans is a key to the composition of the army
The Battle of Sahay was fought on May 24, 1742 near Budweis in Bohemia between the French under the Duc de Broglie and the Austrians under Lobkowitz. The battle was part of the War of the Austrian Succession and was conducted in cooperation with the Prussians under Frederick the Great who had defeated the Austrians a week previously at the battle of Chotusitz. Broglie won a small, but politically important, victory which combined with Frederick’s success at Chotusitz disposed Maria Theresa to cede Silesia in the peace of Breslau on June 11, 1742.
Scale: (approx.) 5cm to 1km.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.