Rare manuscript plan of the French defensive lines near Dunkirk in 1742

1742 

Idee de la position de lignes devant Dunkerque en l’annee 1742.

Europe Low Countries
  • Publication date: 1742
  • Physical description: Manuscript plan with original hand-colour, dissected and mounted on linen, title and key lower right.
  • Dimensions: 390 by 510mm (15.25 by 20 inches).
  • Inventory reference: 2740

Notes

Plan of the French defensive lines near Dunkirk in 1742.

A key to the lower right gives information upon the buildings in Dunkirk, the defensive lines, and the composition of the French army. 

Provenance

From the Library of the Dukes of Luynes.

Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.

He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.

In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.

He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.