Rare manuscript plan of the battle of Kolin
Plan de la Bataille de Cotchemitz gagnee par l’armee de S.M. L’imperatrice sur celle du Roi de Prusse le 18 Juin. 1757.
- Publication date: 1757.
- Physical description: Manuscript plan with fine original colour, dissected and mounted on linen, title and key lower right.
- Dimensions: 500 by 670mm (19.75 by 26.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 2724
The plan shows the Prussian and Austrian lines of battle, with their infantry and cavalry.
The Battle of Kolín on 18 June 1757 saw 44,000 Austrians under Count von Daun defeat 32,000 Prussians under Frederick the Great during the Seven Years’ War. The Prussians lost the battle and nearly 14,000 men, the Austrians lost 8,000 men.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.