Plan of the Siege of Sas van Ghen

By GAYET, 1747 

Plan du Siege du Sas de Gand commande Par M. le Comte de Lowendal. 1747.

Europe Low Countries
  • Author: GAYET
  • Publication date: 29th April 1747
  • Physical description: Manuscript plan with original hand-colour, dissected and mounted on linen.
  • Inventory reference: 2697

Notes

Plan of the Siege of Sas van Ghent — 20km north of Ghent — in 1747 by the French, commanded by the Comte de Lowendal; with position, range and direction of artillery, marked in red; and trenches highlighted according to their date of excavation.

Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar, Comte de Lowendal (1700–1755) was a Danish, German-born French soldier and statesmen. Born in Hamburg, he served in the armies of several countries, but is best known for his service in the French army during the War of the Austrian Succession. In the French campaign in the Austrian Netherlands against the Pragmatic Army he served as a subordinate to Maurice de Saxe. He led French forces that captured Ghent in 1745 and Bergen-op-Zoom in 1747.The King of France, Louis XV, made him a Marshal of France for his success in capturing Bergen op Zoom.

Scale: approx 15cm to 1km 

Provenance

From the Library of the Dukes of Luynes.

Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.

He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.

In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.

He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.