Plan of the attack of Ostend by the French in 1745
L’Attaque d’Ostende 1745.
- Publication date: 1745
- Physical description: Manuscript plan in pen and ink, dissected and mounted on linen, title in pencil to lower margin.
- Dimensions: 290 by 740mm (11.5 by 29.25 inches).
- Inventory reference: 2704
Follwing victory at the Batlle of Fontenoy, in 1745, the French captured the strategically important ports of Ostend and Nieuwpoort, which threatened Britain’s links to the Low Countries.
Upon the plan the French army can be seen to the south west of Ostend with their trench and battery positions clearly marked.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.