Patmos, Naxos, Amorgos and Tinos

By METELLUS, Johannes, 1601 

Palmosa / Nicsia / Tine / Murgo Insula

Europe Greece
  • Author: METELLUS, Johannes
  • Publication place: Coloniæ Agrippinaæ
  • Publisher: excudebat Ioann. Christophori
  • Publication date: 1601
  • Physical description: Engraved map
  • Inventory reference: 3389

Notes

Four maps showing Greek islands (clockwise): Patmos, Naxos, Amorgos and Tinos. The map of Patmos includes a view of the monastery of St John the Theologian, sometimes identified as John the Apostle, who was supposed to have written the Book of Revelation, possibly exiled to Patmos by the anti-Christian emperor Domitian. The map of Naxos includes a view of the Fountain of Ariadne (Fontana de Ariana). Ariadne was abandoned by Theseus on Naxos after she had helped him slay the Minotaur and escape King Minos’ labyrinth. The Fountain had supposedly sprung from her tears before she was rescued by Dionysus and made his consort.

These maps appear in the Insularum orbis aliquot insularum’ by Johannes Metellus. It stands out as a northern European contribution to the tradition of isolari’, or island books’, that has its origins in the manuscript Mediterranean chart books of the fifteenth century, and in the printed works of Sonetti, Bordone, and Porcacchi.

Johannes Metellus (Jean Matal) (1520–1597) was a Burgundian scholar in law and geography. He originally worked in Bologna, where he assisted with the publication of Lelio Torelli’s encyclopaedia, before travelling over Europe, meeting the cartographer Abraham Ortelius in the process, and settling in Cologne by 1563. Through his connection with Ortelius and the publisher Christophe Plantijn, Metellus contributed to some of the most important cartographic works of the period. He provided material for a new edition of Ortelius’ best-selling atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum;, passed Gerard Mercator information in 1577 about an expedition to Mexico, and is thanked in the introduction to Michael Eitzinger’s famous Leo Belgicus’. He also wrote the description of Lyon in the first volume of Braun and Hogenburg’s Civitatis Orbis Terrarum’, and a preface to volume two of the same work.

By the time his isolario was published in 1601, the genre had developed into a complex mixture of atlas, travel narrative and tourist guide. Despite the publication of more comprehensive cartographical works like Ortelius’ atlas, they remained resolutely popular, although the extension of the range of Metellus’ work beyond the traditional Mediterranean limits suggests an attempt to follow contemporary interest. His own work borrowed heavily from the Italian cartographic tradition of the so-called Laferi School’. This is particularly evident in the present work – his final atlas, where at least half of the maps are not very well disguised copies of those of Giuseppe Rosaccio. 

Bibliography

  1. Zacharakis 2171–2184.
    • Zacharakis, C. (1982). A Catalogue of printed maps of Greece 1477–1800. Nicosia: AG Leventis Foundation.