K’oen ‑yu ts’iuen t’ou
- Author: VERBIEST, Ferdinand
- Publisher: [Beijing, 1674, but reprinted Korea
- Publication date: 1933].
- Physical description: Xylograph, printed on 6 sheets, the southern polar landmass embellished with animals, including a unicorn, a lion, a rhinoceros, a crocodile, a giraffe, a beaver and a turkey, the spandrels with eight large lozenges with text descriptions, mounted on a large screen.
- Dimensions: 1500 by 3000mm. (59 by 118 inches).
- Inventory reference: 1110
A remarkable piece of printing by the Jesuits in China, published to mark their official return to favour. Beginning with Ricci at the end of the sixteenth century, the Jesuits were really only tolerated in China as scientific advisers and were not allowed to embark on a general mission throughout the country, nevertheless the influence at the imperial court of Ricci’s successor, Adam Schall von Bell aroused the jealousy of imperial agents who, on the pretext of the Jesuits supposedly preparing the way for Portuguese occupation, in 1664 had Schall von Bell and five assistants sentenced to death. Schall von Bell was reprieved, but his Chinese assistants were executed and all the priests in China, were rounded up in Canton with a view to being expelled. It wasn’t until 1667 when the young Emperor K’ang-Hsi began to take a hand in the affairs of government and made friends with Schall’s successor, Ferdinand Verbiest, that the measures taken against the Christians were rescinded and the position of the Fathers made secure.
The 1674 original is reproduced in ‘Europa und die Kaiser’ (Frankfurt, 1985), at p.109–111. A Canton version c.1860 is reproduced (in error for the original), in ‘Chine Ciel et Terre’ (Gent, 1982), at p.408–409.