Large plan of the northern fortifications of Maastricht, during the French siege of 1748

1748 

Siege du Maestricht faite par larmée du roy commandér par les monseigneurs le marechal general comte de saxe, qui a faite faires louverturs de trancher de vent cette place, la nuit du 15 au 16 avril 1748.

Europe Low Countries
  • Publication date: 1748
  • Physical description: Manuscript plan with original hand-colour, dissected and mounted on linen.
  • Dimensions: 950 by 800mm (37.5 by 31.5 inches).
  • Inventory reference: 2762

Notes

Large plan of the northern fortifications of Maastricht, during the French siege of 1748.

The plan highlights the French trench works and battery positions in front of the northern walls, over a four night period in April. The trench works are colour coded according to their time of construction. Also indicated are the number of cannons positioned along the trenches. There are three pencil additions to the fortifications in the middle of the plan. 

Provenance

From the Library of the Dukes of Luynes.

Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.

He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.

In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.

He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.