Large and detailed plan of Prague during the French occupation of 1742
Plan des Villes et Citadelle de Prag Joint aux Positions du Camp des Francois sous cette Place au Mois de Juillet 1742.
- Publication date: 1742.
- Physical description: Manuscript plan with fine original hand-colour. Key to plan upper right.
- Dimensions: 780 by 980mm. (30.75 by 38.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 2721
The French had successfully captured Prague in November of 1741. The plan was drawn during the Austrian siege of the city, which had begun in June of 1742. The siege would last for the rest of the year with the French eventually making there escape back to the relative safety of Cheb on 9th of March.
The plan shows the environs of the city with the position of the French camp clearly marked. To the upper right is a key detailing the bastions, gateways, and the composition of the French army.
Scale: (approx.) 15cm to 1km.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.