Japanese Admiralty chart of Shanghai and the Yangtze River
By JAPANESE HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE, 1897
Yang Tse Kiang Shanghai — Nanking 支那, 揚子江:上海至南京
- Author: JAPANESE HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE
- Publication place: Tokyo
- Publisher: 水路部 Hydrographic Office
- Publication date: 1895 .
- Physical description: Lithograph chart.
- Dimensions: 695 by 1020mm. (27.25 by 40.25 inches).
- Inventory reference: 16239
Following on from the Meiji Restoration of 1868 the government established the Japan Hydrographic Department in 1871 in order to undertake detailed surveys of Japanese coastal waters as well as areas that were deemed crucial to their national interest. During the 1870s and 1880s the British Navy was regarded as the model for the development of the Japanese Navy. The Douglas mission of 1873–1879 laid the foundation of Japanese naval officer training and a British naval lieutenant John M. James, who had been surveying Japanese coastal waters, was hired to advise the Naval Ministry. British Admiralty Charts had a high reputation for accuracy and their maps were copied by the Hydrographic Department during the late 1880s. Many of the hydrographic surveys in this period were in fact operated by British surveying vessels who then supplied the information to Japan in order to build good relations.