By ORDNANCE SURVEY, 1895
- Author: ORDNANCE SURVEY
- Publication place: Southampton
- Publisher: Ordnance Survey Office
- Publication date: 1895.
- Physical description: Folding lithographed map, dissected and mounted on linen, housed in original green cloth slipcase.
- Dimensions: 684 by 980mm (27 by 38.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 11430
The Board of Ordnance, established in Tudor times, was officially custodian of all lands and installations necessary for the defence of the realm. Inspired by the lessons of the Jacobite uprising of 1745, the government ordered the Board of Ordnance to begin a survey of Scotland, and also of England’s vulnerable southern coastlines.
Starting in 1747, William Roy and his surveyors, took eight years to complete what was known as the “Great Map”, of Scotland, but his ambition was to create a large-scale accurate map of the whole of Britain. In order to put this plan into action the Board of Ordnance bought a new and improved Ramsden theodolite, and on the 21st of June, 1791, the Ordnance Survey was born.
The first Ordnance Survey map was published in 1801, of Kent, the area deemed most vulnerable to French invasion. The entire first series of maps wasn’t published until 1870.
Rare: only two institutional examples recorded, at the NLS and the LoC