Eighteenth century map of Paris printed on calico

By DAVIDS, Rupert, 1768 

Nouveau Plan Routier de la Ville et Faubourgs de Paris.

Europe France
  • Author: DAVIDS, Rupert
  • Publication place: Crayford
  • Publication date: 6 August, 1768.
  • Physical description: Engraved plan printed in rose madder on calico.
  • Dimensions: 680 by 745mm. (26.75 by 29.25 inches).
  • Inventory reference: 14386

Notes

Rupert Davids (1724–1790) was a calico printer and engraver based in Crayford, Kent. Crayford was an ideal site for a calico printing business: abundant water for fabric bleaching, space, and proximity both to central London — the main market — and the Thames ports of North Kent. The first significant printers in Crayford were Rupert Davids and Sons, established in 1757, whose success gave rise to a number of other printing businesses. The London Gazette of March 28th 1783 notes that the partnership between Rupert Davids and Sons (William and Charles) of Crayford in the County of Kent, Callico-printers, was this day dissolved by mutual consent”; the following year Rupert is recorded as working in Cheapside. He died on 8th January 1790: The Gentlemen’s Magazine (Vol 67), in their Obituary of Considerable persons’, describes him as an eminent calico-printer” and notes he Dropped down dead, near the third mile-stone on the Deptford-road”.

Cartographic works bearing the Davids imprint are extremely rare: we have only been able to trace a handkerchief titled A Scale of Distances of the Principal Cities & Towns in England’, dated by 1763; and a reference to the present item in the magazine Le Gaulois’ of 25 June 1896:

One of the most interesting gifts was made to the musée Carnevalet by M. Le Vayer, conservator of the museum: an example of Nouveau plan routier de la ville et des faubourgs de Paris”, printed by R. Davids Crayford, in 1768”. This example is printed on canvas and appears to be unique in this state.“

Copac and Worldcat record no institutional examples. The BNF contains a photographic reproduction of the piece.