Detailed plan of the town of Menen in Belgium
Plan de la Ville de Menin et des deux Attaques Assiegee par l’Armee du Roy . le 28 May 1744.
- Publication date: 1744
- Physical description: Manuscript plan with fine original hand-colour, dissected and mounted on linen, key to plan lower left.
- Dimensions: 530 by 620mm. (20.75 by 24.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 2777
The plan shows the town during the French attack on 28th May 1744. The French under the command of Louis XV had invaded the Austrian Netherlands, in May 1744 as part of the Second Silesian War, during the Wars of Austrian succession.
The plan show the position of French army to the north and south of the town. The extensive French trench work is depicted in yellow, red, and green; with the position of the artillery marked, together with their range and direction. A key to the lower left provides information upon the towns fortifications, together with the dates of the King’s and the Comte de Clermont’s attacks upon the town.
Scale: (appox.) 14cm to 1km.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.