Detailed plan of the port of Ostend
Plan de la ville d’Ostende et de ses environs.
- Publication date: 1702.
- Physical description: Manuscript plan with fine original hand-colour, dissected and mounted on linen, key to plan below title, two overslips to part of battlements.
- Dimensions: 420 by 515mm (16.5 by 20.25 inches).
- Inventory reference: 2703
The plan bears two dates: Dec. 1702 and signed ‘Clemens’ to the lower right, and 1745 to the verso. The most likely explanation is that this early plan was used by the French sfduring their occupation of the port following their victory at the battle of Fontenoy. To the upper right below the title is a key to Ostend’s bastions. Two manuscript overslips show defensive improvements to Ostende and Fort St. Philip.
Scale: (approx.) 13cm to 1km.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.