Detailed plan of the French attacks to the city of Maastricht
By DEMARNE, L., 1748
Plan de la Ville de Maestricht avec ses attaques Commandées par M. le Marechal de Saxe
- Author: DEMARNE, L.
- Publication date: 1748
- Physical description: Manuscript plan with original colour, dissected and mounted on linen, key to upper left and title on lower left.
- Inventory reference: 2812
The map shows many topographical elements such as fields, meadows, woodlands, roads and buildings. Marked in yellow are the French trenches and their army’s attacks to the north part of Maastricht.
The key lists the city gates, lunettes, forts, churches and main buildings, thus providing a fine description of the city and its surrounding territory.
Charles Louis d’Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.
He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.
In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.
He died in Paris in his Hôtel. He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l’Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.