Amsterdam in the ‘Dutch Golden Age’
By BERCKENRODE, Balthasar Florensz van, 1625
Amstelredamum Emporium Hollandiæ Primarium Totiusque Europæ Celeberrimum…
- Author: BERCKENRODE, Balthasar Florensz van
- Publication place: Amsterdam
- Publisher: Philip Molenvliet
- Publication date: 1625 [but c1630].
- Physical description: Largeﾠwall-mapﾠon nineﾠengravedﾠsheetsﾠjoined,ﾠincludingﾠwoodcutﾠrunningﾠ titleﾠonﾠfiveﾠstripsﾠjoined contemporaryﾠhand-colour, restoredﾠandﾠrelaidﾠonﾠ modern archivalﾠbacking,ﾠwithﾠsome loss toﾠprintedﾠsurface at margins, as in common with wall maps of this size and age. A full condition report is available on request.
- Dimensions: 1390 by 1565mm. (54.75 by 61.5 inches).
- Inventory reference: 18660
The plan is engraved upon nine sheets, and depicts the city in birds-eye view, with every building meticulously rendered, together with canals, gardens, bridges, ships, windmills, defensive walls, and docks. In the foreground numerous ocean going vessels are depicted, with several shown letting off their cannons. To the upper right of the plan is an inset map of North Holland; below this is a list of the names of streets and alleyways in the Old (no.1–99) and the New town (no.1–158), with the imprint of Berckenrode and Molenvilet, below. To the upper left is a prospect of the city from the sea, with a lauditory poem in Latin by Peter Schrijver (Petrus Scriverius) the prominent Dutch scholar and historian. A key to the canals is contained within the base of a herm, and a further poem, this time in Dutch can be seen to the lower left of the plan. The coats of arms of the city, and that of Holland are shown next to the prospect and inset map, respectively.
What the plan illustrates is the spectacular growth of the city from the one depicted by Cornelis Anthonisz in 1544. The plan shows the cities expansion to the north with the addition of Jordaan and Haarlemmerbuurt districts. Although the new districts were only open to construction from 1614, the plan shows nearly all the new land had been constructed upon by 1625.
Balthasar Florensz van Berckenrode (1591–1644) was one of the leading engraver and map maker who lived and worked in Amsterdam, between 1619 to 1634. He came to the attention of the burghers of Amsterdam with the publication of his wall map of the province of Holland, in 1620, which would late become world famous by its inclusion in three paintings by Jan Vermeer: Office and Laughing Girl (c. 1657); Young Woman in Blue (1662–1664); and The Love Letter (c. 1670).
The plan is know in three state: first state (present example) dated 1625; second state, dated 1648, engraved re-engraved and updated; third state, dated 1657, re-engraved and updated.
Rare we are only able to trace four institutional examples: University Library Amsterdam; University Library Leiden; Bibliotheque Nationale de France; the Minneapolis Institute of Art.
The present example bears a woodblock title above the plan 163- (the last digit is missing, due to loss). Of the two extant examples we have been able to check (The BnF, and the Minneapolis Institute of Art) neither bear the addition title, nor do they bear original hand-colour as is the case here.