Dedicated to Sir Joseph Banks and Neville Maskelyne
- [A pair of globes - Terrestrial and Celestial]. To the Rt. Honorable Sir Joseph Banks BARt. K.B. President of the Royal Society This New British Terrestrial Globe [WITH:] To the Rev Nevil Maskelyne D.D. FRS. Astronomer Royal This New British Celestial Globe.
- BARDIN, William
- Publication place
- Publication date
- 1799 [additions to 1807].
- (height) 1180mm.
Pair of 18 inch floor standing library globes, turned and reeded legs, spheres covered with plaster coating, two sets of 12 engraved and hand-coloured half gores on each globe, varnished.
Of note on the terrestrial globe is the sea "seen by Mr Herne in 1771" and the "sea seen by [Alexander] Mc[…]kenzie 1789" in the North West Passage. Australia is labelled "New Holland", although its south coast is not outlined. "Van Diemans Land" is shown as an island, tracks of Cook's voyages are shown and a note on his death on 14 Feb 1779 appears on Hawaii ("Owhyhee"). The celestial globe includes 48 Ptolemaic constellations and the non-Ptolemaic constellations: Coma Berenices, Antinous, Crusero, Columba Noachi; all 12 southern constellations of Plancius, Camelopardalis, Monoceros, Cor Caroli, Robur Caroli; all those of Hevelius, Tarandus; those of Lacaille and Taurus Poniatowski.
The Bardin family were among the greatest globe makers in London from the late eighteenth through the early nineteenth century. The patriarch of the family, William Bardin (d. 1798), began globe production in the 1780s. The origin of Bardin's globes is thought to be traceable to the early eighteenth century globes of John Senex. 15 years after Senex's death, the copper plates for his globe gores were sold to James Ferguson.
In 1757, Ferguson transferred his globe trade, including his Senex globe gores, to the scientific instrument maker and lecturer Benjamin Martin (1704-1782). One of Bardin's earliest globes refers directly to Ferguson: "A New, Accurate, and Compleat Terrestrial Globe... originally laid down by the late Mr. James Ferguson, F.R.S... 1783". William Bardin's connection with Ferguson is thought to be through Gabriel Wright (1740-1803), an apprentice of Benjamin Martin. Wright went to work for the Bardin family and assisted Bardin with his first globe in 1782.
In 1790, William Bardin's son, Thomas Marriott Bardin, completed a seven-year apprenticeship and immediately joined ranks with his father, the firm thereafter trading as W. & T.M. Bardin. In 1798, the father and the son team began publication of their 'New British Globes'. The 18-inch globes include dedications to the scientist Sir Joseph Banks, President of the Royal Society (terrestrial) and astronomer Neville Maskelyne (celestial), and were frequently marketed by the scientific instrument makers and dealers W. & S. Jones. The skill required for the production of these 12- and 18-inch globes was much admired by the Bardin's contemporaries. Following T.M. Bardin's death in 1819, his daughter, Elizabeth Marriott Bardin, continued the family's globe production until 1832, at which time the company's title was passed to her husband, Samuel Sabine Edkins.