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Abraham's pocket globe

New Terrestrial Globe.
ABRAHAM, Jacob [after] LANE, Nicholas
J. Abraham,
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Globe, 12 hand-coloured engraved paper gores, clipped at 70 degrees latitude, with two polar calottes, over a papier mâché and plaster sphere, paste-over imprint to cartouche, varnished, housed in original shagreen over paste-board clamshell case, with hooks and eyes, lined with two sets of 12 hand-coloured engraved celestial gores. Diameter: 75mm (3 inches).


The present globe is the work of Nicholas Lane (fl.1775-1783) whose business was particularly associated with pocket globes. Little is known about Lane's output, but Dekker suggests that his three inch globes were produced from the earlier works of Ferguson and Dudley Adams. When Dudley went bankrupt in about 1810s, the copper plates appear to have come into the hands of the Lane firm, where the old cartouche was completely erased in favour of a new circular one. However, the name of the engraver, J. Mynde, was kept just below the cartouche. Later on, after 1820, Lane would erase Mynde's name from the plates.

Lane not only produced globes under his own name but also sold them wholesale, as here: a Jacob Abraham of Bath has pasted over Lane's title. Abraham was optician and mathematical instrument maker to the Duke of Gloucester and the Duke of Wellington. Abraham's premises were at 7 Bartlett Street, Bath, Somerset, and at Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.

Australia is well delineated with New South Wales marked and both Botany Bay and Port Jackson noted. The Bering Straits are named. To the west coast of America California is named along with New Albion, and Nootka Sound - scene of the Nootka Crisis of 1790.

The celestial gores are taken from the Adams-Ferguson plates, but Lane has added hour angles along the equator in the southern hemisphere and a zodiacal belt along the ecliptic.