Follow the trade winds

By MOLL, Herman, 1719 
£35,000
£28,000

A Correct Globe with the Trade Winds [and] A Correct Globe with ye New Constellations of Mr Hevelius 1710.

Globes
  • Author: MOLL, Herman
  • Publication place: [London
  • Publisher: H. Moll, over against Devereux Court in the Strand
  • Publication date: 1719].
  • Physical description: Globe, 12 hand-coloured engraved paper gores, clipped at a latitude of 70 degrees, with two polar calottes, over a papier mâché and plaster sphere, housed in a shagreen over paste-board clamshell case, rim painted red, with hook and eye, lined with two sets of 12 finely engraved and hand-coloured celestial half-gores. Globe toned and with minor surface wear, case with remains of two sets of hooks and eyes.
  • Dimensions: Diameter: 90mm (3.5 inches).
  • Inventory reference: 15737

Notes

Moll’s cartography was influenced by his friend and collaborator, William Dampier (1651–1715). Dampier was the first Englishman to explore Australia, and the first to circumnavigate the world three times. Moll went on to publish the maps in Dampiers’ personal accounts New Voyage and A Voyage to New Holland’.

The globe includes information on Dampier’s voyage of 1679–1691 labelled Cap.t Damp(ier) tract round ye world” as well as updated coastlines based on his discoveries, and records of trade winds based on his treatise on the subject.

Biography
Herman Moll (?1654–1732) moved to London from Germany or the Low Countries, sometime before 1678. His career in London would span some 60 years and see him move from a jobbing engraver to a successful publisher of maps and atlases. He was part of the intellectual circle that gathered at Jonathan’s Coffee House, counting Robert Hooke, Daniel Defoe and Jonathan Swift amongst his acquaintance. Moll even provided a map for Defoe’s work Robinson Crusoe’ showing the track of Crusoe’s supposed voyage, and is mentioned by Lemuel Gulliver in Gulliver’s Travels’.

Geography
California appears as an island as Spanish explorers of the region provided conflicting reports that led to confusion as to whether it was attached to the mainland or not, a misunderstanding that would not be resolved until the voyages of Juan Bautitsta de Anza (1774–1776).
The prime meridian is labelled First Meridian from Ferro”, and there are labels for the North [Pole]”, the Artik Circle”, the Trop. of Cancer”, the Trop. of Capricorn”, the Antartick Circle” and the South Pole”. The ocean regions between the tropics are hatched and show the trade winds by arrows. There is a compass rose west of Australia.

Astronomy
The celestial cartography appears on the inside of the clamshell case.

There is a magnitude table in front of Ursa Major, titled Magnitu. Stel” and the Milky Way is labelled via Lactea”. 48 Ptolemaic constellations are shown, with Crater spelt Ciater, and the non-Ptolemaic constellations: Coma Bernices, Crosero, Columba Noachi. The southern constellations of Plancius appear, as well as those of Hevelius, as mentioned in the title cartouche. In the later anonymous pocket globe published in c1775, the cartouche is updated to name Halley instead of Hevelius. 

Bibliography

  1. Dekker GLB1097
    • Dekker, Elly. (1999). Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of Globes and Armillery Spheres at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. Oxford: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum.
  2. Lamb, Collins and Schmidt 5.4.
    • Lamb, Tom, and Collins, Jeremy. (1995). The world in your hands: an exhibition of globes and planetaria from the collection of Rudolf Schmidt. Leiden: Museum Boerhaave.