Doppelmayr expands his horizons
By DOPPELMAYR, Johann Gabriel, 1789
[Globus Terrestris Novus…] and [Globs Coelestis Novus…].
- Author: DOPPELMAYR, Johann Gabriel
- Publication place: Nuremberg
- Publisher: [W.P. Jenig
- Publication date: 1728 (but 1789 or later)].
- Physical description: Terrestrial and celestial globes, each with two sets of 12 hand-coloured engraved gores, over a papier mâché and plaster sphere, each within an original graduated brass meridian ring, with a brass hour ring and pointer, wooden octagonal horizon ring with a printed paper ring, each supported on four baluster turned and ebonised columns united by cross-stretchers under the turned base, with four bun feet, each globe with fine patina, minor surface loss to globe gores.
- Dimensions: Diameter: 320mm (12 inches).
- Inventory reference: 12567
Johann Baptist Homann (1664–1724) was a German geographer and cartographer. He was educated as a Jesuit and destined for an ecclesiastical career, but converted to Protestantism and then worked as a notary in Nuremberg. He founded a publishing business there in 1702, and published his first atlas in 1707, becoming a member of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin in the same year. He collaborated with Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr on his book ‘Kosmotheoros’, which represented the solar system based on the Copernican system laid down by Christiaan Huygesn.
Homann was appointed Imperial Geographer to Charles VI in 1715, and produced his great work the following year, ‘Grosser Atlas uber die ganze Welt’. Homann was well placed to take advantage of the decline of Dutch supremacy in cartographic publishing, and he became the most important map and atlas producer in Germany. After his death, the company was continued by his son Johann Christoph.
During his lifetime Doppelmayr designed three different sized pairs of globes — 100, 200 and 320mm (4, 8 and 12.5 inches) — in co-operation with the Nuremberg engraver Johann Georg Puschner I (1680–1749). After his death in 1750, Doppelmayr’s legacy continued as the globes were republished by Homann in the 1750s and again in the 1790s — the present examples — by which time the copper plates had passed into the hands of the Nuremberg publisher Wolfgang Paul Jenig.
The globes follow cartography from Doppelmayr’s 1728 globes with updates by Jenig, including the latest discoveries of Captain Cook with his dated itineraries.
The cartography remained unchanged from Doppelmayr’s 1728 globes.
- Van der Krogt Dop 10 (terrestrial).
- van der Krogt, Pieter (1993). Globi Neerlandici: the production of globes in the Low Countries. Utrecht: HES.