Bauer’s miniature nesting globes

By BAUER, J[ohann] B[ernard], 1810 

Die Erde wie sie jezt bekant J.B.B.

  • Author: BAUER, J[ohann] B[ernard]
  • Publication place: Nuremberg
  • Publisher: J.B. Bauer
  • Publication date: c1810
  • Physical description: Terrestrial and celestial nesting globes, the terrestrial globe with 12 hand-coloured engraved paper gores, over a wooden sphere, housed within the celestial globe made of two wooden hemispheres, each covered with 12 hand-coloured engraved paper half-gores, varnished, housed within original cylindrical case covered with gray paper with red wax seal on top with crown above the letters Hv K”. Short split in southern hemisphere of celestial globe, some loss to paper on case.
  • Dimensions: Diameter: 58mm and 64mm (2.25 inches and 2.5 inches) respectively.
  • Inventory reference: 15653


Johann Bernard Bauer (1752–1839) was a scientific instrument and globemaker working in Nuremberg, along with his sons Carl Johann Sigmund (1780–1857) and Peter Bauer (1783–1847). Johann is recorded as the engraver of a celestial globe by Georg Klinger in 1790; he also published some late editions of the Doppelmayr globes. His sons are best known for their miniature globes published for the educational market.

Bauer’s globe follows German cartography. The prime meridian has a latitude scale and runs through the Canary Islands, and the equator is graduated and labelled Aequator oder die Linie”. The ecliptic is not drawn. There are labels for the Nord Pol, Nordlicher P. Zirk, Wendezirkel des Krebs, Wendezirkel des Steinboks, Sudlicher Poalrzirkel and Sud Pol. There is a simple outline of the continents. The Antipoten of Nuremberg are marked. At the north-west coast of America there is a notation Vancovens In.”. Tasmania is labelled Van Diemen Ld.”, and it is drawn as an island, suggesting a date of construction after 1805.

The celestial globe follows Latin and German cartography. The stars are represented by different symbols but a magnitude table is lacking. The 48 Ptolemaic constellations and three non-Ptolemaic constellations are shown: Antinous (drawn but not labelled), Coma Berenice and Columba. Also depicted are the 12 southern constellations of Plancius (Volans and Musca are drawn but not labelled), Giraffe, Unicornis, Robur Car (drawn but not labelled), Sceuptrum, a few of those of Hevelius (Canes, Lacerta, Leo Min, Linx, Vulpes, Anser, Mons, Menalus, and Musca — drawn but not labelled); six of Lacaille (Fornax, Antlia, Norma, Regula, Apparatus Sculp, and Pyxis — drawn but not labelled), Gloria Fried:, Tubus, Custos Mes., Psalterium. 


  1. Dekker GLB0048
    • Dekker, Elly. (1999). Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of Globes and Armillery Spheres at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. Oxford: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum.
  2. Van der Krogt Bau 2 (terrestrial), Bau 3 (celestial).
    • van der Krogt, Pieter (1993). Globi Neerlandici: the production of globes in the Low Countries. Utrecht: HES.

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