Frans Hogenberg (1535–1590) was a Flemish painter, engraver, and mapmaker. Born in Mechelen, he set up business in Antwerp, but left when the Duke of Alba took the city to impose Spanish rule. Frans and his brother Abraham fled first to London, and then Cologne. In Cologne he collaborated with George Braun on his great work ‘Civitates orbis terrarrum’, an atlas of city views, engraving the majority of the plates. He supervised the huge team of artists and engravers who contributed to the project, including Joris and Jacob Hoefnagel. He also continued to work for clients in the Netherlands, and engraved many of the maps for Abraham Ortelius’ ‘Theatrum orbis terrarum’.