The spine of a book has been replaced with new material, in some cases the original worn spine is saved and glued over the new material.
Danish: Ny ryg
Dutch: Rug vernieuwd
French: Dos refait
Italian: Dorso rifatto
Spanish: Lomo nuevo
Swedish: Renoverad rygg
Copy of a book that has had the original binding removed and a new binding attached; when there is no need to re-sew or trim the book, the term “re-cased” is sometimes used to indicate that a new binding and new end papers have been added.
Re-strikes are later impressions that have not been authorized by the artist.
The front side of a leaf or in the case of an open book the page on the right, with the page on the left being the verso.
A remarque is a small vignette image in the margin of a print, often related thematically to the main image. Originally remarques were scribbled sketches made in the margins of etchings so that the artist could test the plate, his needles, or the strength of the etching acid prior to working on the main image. These remarques were usually removed prior to the first publication of the print.
Re-bound, but using an old binding from another (usually older) book.
A rubric is a heading to a chapter or section written or printed in red.
French: Rubriqué (exemplaire rubriqué)