A page that precedes the title page and the text, with the title (often abbreviated) usually centred on the page.
Dutch: Franse titel, voortitel
Italian: Occhiello, occhietto
Band of silk or cotton affixed to signatures when bound for strength or, more often, decoration of the spine.
The inside portion of the flexible area where book cover meets the book spine; often used interchangeably with the term joint, which should be used to designate the outside or exterior portion of the “hinge”. A volume that has received heavy or rough use often has cracked or broken hinges.
Danish: Fals (på bogbind)
Dutch: Scharnier (-versterking)
German: Gelenk (innen)
Spanish: Charnela, bisagra
Swedish: Fals (på bokpärm)
Anything handwritten entirely by the writer; i.e. a letter written entirely in the handwriting of the correspondent is a holograph of that person.