De Bry’s seminal description of Virginia in contemporary colour
By BRY, Theodore de., 1590
Wunderbarliche doch Warhafftige Erklärung, von der Gelegenheit und Sitten der Wilden in Virginia welche newlich von den Engelländern so im Jahr 1585.
- Author: BRY, Theodore de.
- Publisher: Frankfurt: Johann Wechel
- Publication date: 1590.
- Physical description: Folio (331 by 244mm), German title and imprint on slips mounted on engraved title, Adam and Eve plate signed ‘Theodore de Brij fe.’ not ‘se.’ with the scarce map ‘Americae Pars Nunc Virginia’, 23 numbered half- or full-page engravings above or facing German letterpress descriptions (all but the first numbered), five plates of the Picts, all coloured by a contemporary hand, hand-coloured engraved arms on dedication leaf, woodcut tail-pieces, minor marginal ink stains to verso of a4, light marginal dampstain affecting gatherings b, c and F, contemporary limp vellum, covers tooled in gilt with thin twisted-rope border with small fleur-de-lys cornerpieces and central ornate oval medallion, dated ‘1590’ on spine, remains of green silk ties, tooling rubbed leaving only traces of gilt, extremities lightly rubbed, very small chip to spine, lower cover lightly stained.Collation: a4, b6, c4, d6, e2(e1 + \kc\K2 [map of Viriginia]), A6, B6(B4 + \kc\K2), C6(C3 + \kc\K2), D6, E4, [2E4], F6, complete with blank F6.
- Inventory reference: 1132
The work records the history of the failed Roanoke colony in North Carolina, established by the British some five years earlier in 1585. The expedition to found the colony had been sponsored by Sir Walter Raleigh and led by Sir Ralph Lane. Also aboard were Thomas Harriot and John White. Harriot — Raleigh’s tutor in navigation — was sent as linguist, recorder and surveyor of land to ascertain its suitablity for farming and trade. White was there to produce visual records and maps in order to encourage further investment in the nascent colony. The text, which Harriot produced upon his return from Roanoke, is the first description of the Virginia and Carolina country. It was first published in 1588 — only six copies are known — and is here republished by De Bry in German. The map by John White that accompanies the text is here present in the extremely rare first state with the village to the right of the native woman and child engraved ‘Ehesepioc’, is “one of the most significant cartographic milestones in colonial North American history”(Burden). It was the first map to delineate the Chesapeake Bay and contains the first printed use of the name ‘Chesapiooc Sinus’.
White was also responsible for the wonderful illustrations which detail the Carolina Indians and their customs, costums, rituals, hunting practices and dwellings, finely engraved here by De Bry. The originals reside in the British Library and were the focus of British Museum Exhibition in 2007. De Bry also includes 5 plates of the ancient Picts of Scotland with whom he wished to compare the Carolina Indians.
In 1587 White retuned to Roanoke as Governor together with 12 assistants. However, they landed with insufficient supplies and White was forced to return home to garner more assistance. Due to the Spanish Armada White did not return to the colony until 1590 by which time the colony and its colonist had vanished.
- Burden 76
- Burden, Philip. (2007). The mapping of North America. Rickmansworth: Raleigh Publications.
- Church 176
- Cole, G. and Church, E. (1951). A catalogue of books relating to the discovery and early history of North and South America, forming a part of the library of E.D. Church. New York: Peter Smith.
- Cumming Southeast in Early Maps 12
- Cummings, W. (n.d.). The Southeast in early maps.
- Sabin III p.49.
- Sabin, J. (1962). A Dictionary of books relating to America. Amsterdam: Israel.