Adrichom’s Holy Land in superb contemporary hand-colour
By ADRICHOM, Christiaan van, 1590
Theatrum terrae sanctae et biblicarum historiarum cum tabulis geographicis aere expressis.
- Author: ADRICHOM, Christiaan van
- Publication place: Cologne:
- Publisher: In Officina Birckmannica, sumptibus Arnoldi Mylij
- Publication date: 1590.
- Physical description: First edition. Folio (352 by 232mm). Latin text. Six leaves: elaborate engraved allegorical title-page with magnificent contemporary hand-colour in full, dedication to Octavius Pallavinci, preface; “Terrae Promissionis…” pages numbered 1–286; 14 leaves: catalogue and index (one or two closed marginal tears); fine folding panorama of the Promised Land (1200 by 350mm) on two sheets, large folding plan of Jerusalem (540 by 750mm) on two sheets (lower margin extended, separations at folds strengthened on verso with Japanese tissue) and 10 double-page and or folding maps of the lands of the Twelve Tribes, all with magnificent contemporary hand-colour in full. Seventeenth century blind panelled calf, each cover decorated with gilt armorial stamp (rebacked to style, board edges strengthened).Collation: *6, A‑I4, K‑T4, V4, X‑Z4, Aa-Ii4, Kk-Pp4, Qq6.
- Inventory reference: 12301
The sweeping panorama of the Promised Land is oriented to northeast and extends from the Nile Delta to Sidon, showing the lands of the Twelve Tribes and numerous biblical scenes including the Exodus, Jonah and the whale, and the wandering of the Children of Israel. The sea is decorated with vessels and sea monsters. The title appears in a banner with Adrichom’s coat of arms in the centre, and a compass rose to the lower left. Adrichom’s sources for the map included Peter Laicksteen and Christian Sgrooten, Tilleman Stella, Jacob Ziegler, Sebastian Munster, Gerard Mercator, Buchard of Mt. Sion, Josephus, Jerome and Ptolemy; and in turn was used as a source by Jan Jansson and Nicholas Visscher.
Adrichom’s intricate plan of Jerusalem, oriented to the north, remained the definitive layout of the city until archaeological discoveries during the nineteenth century, but is more than just topography. It is also a narrative, including the fourteen stations of the cross, the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ. Outside the walls are the encampments of the city’s historic invaders; the ancient City of David and Mount Sion are to the south. Besides the Bible, Adrichom used a broad spectrum of sources for his plan, including Bernhard von Breydenbach’s panorama of the city, Sebastian Munster’s view, and the texts of pilgrims Burchard of Mt. Sion and William Wey. In all more than 250 places are identified and numbered, and then described in Adrichom’s text.
Published posthumously, Adrichom’s account of the Holy Land was the result of 30 years’ hard work. It consists of three main parts: the geography of Palestine; a description of Jerusalem; and the chronology of Adam up to the death of St John the Evangelist, and then beyond to 1585 when Adrichom died. Composed from the works of Josephus, the Bible, and more modern authorities such as Bochart and Villalpandus, as well as from accounts of recent travelers, Adrichom intended his magnum opus to extend to three volumes. Two further parts were published posthumously by Georg Braun in 1590, with subsequent editions in 1593, 1600, 1613, 1628, and 1682.
Christiaan van Adrichom (1533–1585) was born of a noble family at Delft in the Netherlands, and died in exile at Cologne.
- Laor 7–18 and 934
- Laor, E. and Klein, S. (1986). Maps of the Holy Land. New York: A.R. Liss.
- Nebenzahl, Maps of the Holy Lands: Images of Terra Sancta Through Two Millenia, pp. 90–97
- Nebenzahl, K. (1986). Maps of the Bible Lands. London: Times Books.