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An unrecorded French edition of Jacob Colom's 'Atlas of Werelt-Water-Deel'

Title
Atlas ou Colom Ardante demonstrant toutes les costes de la grand mer. Mer de tout l'univers Jusqu' a present Congnus Fort utile tous Pilotes, Marchands, & Amateurs
Author
COLOM, Jacob Aertsz
Publisher
Aupres de Marche au grain, a la Colomne Ardante, Avec Privilege,
Publication place
Amsterdam,
Publication date
1668.
Price
£140,000
Reference
13033

Description

Folio (435 by 295mm), engraved title, 6pp. French text, contents leaf, and 44 double-page charts of the coastlines of Europe, Asia and America, all including title in original hand-colour in outline, all on laminated paper, eight of which are folding, inner margin of title with loss, skilfully repaired in facsimile, lower right corners of the first 20 leaves trimmed away with slight loss of engraved image, some soiling and staining to margins and folds, several charts shaved with slight loss of engraved surface, small repaired tear to lower fold of world map, early eighteenth century English panelled calf, rebacked preserving old spine, covers with central gilt arms of Mathew Aylmer.

Notes

Jacob Colom ran a successful printing, bookselling, and chartmarking business in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age. He is best known for his hugely successful pilot guide 'De Vyerighr Colom'. First issued in a folio format in 1632, the pilot, which detailed the western and eastern navigation, brought Colom into direct competition with Willem Blaeu, at the time the only other chartmaker active in Amsterdam. In response Blaeu issued his own folio pilot, the 'Havenwyser', in 1634, in which he accused Colom of plagiarism. The attack seemed not to have affected Colom's sales unduly, and, whilst Blaeu abandoned his folio pilot – going back to his highly respected 'Zeespeigel' – Colom's work would continue in print for another 30 years. So successful was his pilot guide that it was not until 1663 that he felt the need to issue a new work: the 'Atlas of Werelt-Water-Deel'. Unlike his pilot guide, the atlas covered the whole world and was evidently a response to the sea atlases of Janssonius, Goos, and Donker.

The present example dates from 1668, and contains 44 charts. Of particular note are the chart of the southern Atlantic, the two-sheet chart of the Indian Ocean, and the seven charts that cover North America. Many of the maps are decorated with a glowing column, both a play on Colom's name and a symbol of wisdom deriving from Biblical references to the Temple of Solomon.

The chart of the southern Atlantic was first published as the south-eastern sheet of Colom's separately issued wall map of c1655, 'Dese Vassende=Grade=kaert', which was based upon Blaeu's seminal 'Paskaert' of c1630. The plate is beautifully engraved with numerous mermen and merwomen frolicking in the surf, and the lower quarters of an elephant in Saharan Africa. Another rare (previously separately issued) chart is Colom's 'OostIndische Pas-Caart': Schilder lists only two examples of this state, and praises the chart for its "summary of discoveries made in Australia before Tasman". Finally, seven charts cover North America, all of which, according to Burden, are rare, although he makes particular note of the untitled chart of New England. This, he states, "depicts the region at one of the most important stages of English colonial history", as just a year later the English would capture New Amsterdam from the Dutch and rename it New York, an act that would cement "the English control over the area from Carolina to Massachusetts".

The atlas is very rare. Koeman records the existence of a French issue from a title-page bound into one of the two known copies with Dutch text of 1668 (sold by Rosenthal in Munich in 1915). We are unable to trace any institutional example.

Provenance

Provenance:
Mathew Aylmer, 1st Baron Aylmer, (1660-1720). Baron Aylmer took part in the battle of La Hogue, and later became a Rear-Admiral and Governor of Chelsea Hospital.

Bibliography

Not recorded in Koeman but c.f. Koeman J. Col 4.