“the principal cartographic authority on China during the eighteenth century”
By D’ANVILLE, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon, 1737
Nouvel Atlas de la Chine, de la Tartarie Chinoise, et du Thibet Contenant Les Cartes générales & particulieres de ces Pays, ainsi que la Carte du Royaume de Coree.
- Author: D’ANVILLE, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon
- Publication place: The Hague
- Publisher: Henri Scheurleer
- Publication date: 1737.
- Physical description: Folio (561 by 388mm), pp.12, 42 engraved maps, some folding, three hand-coloured in outline, contemporary blue paper boards, rebacked and corners with later half mottled calf gilt, morocco label.
- Inventory reference: 14983
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon D’Anville (1697–1782) was a French geographer and cartographer, known for the careful scholarship and accuracy of his work. He was provided with the Jesuit testimonies and also with the maps created from their reports by the Chinese government in 1718. He used this information to create the most comprehensive survey of China published in the eighteenth century, and the first new set of maps of the area since the Blaeu and Martini atlas of the previous century. Not only does it incorporate d’Anville’s highly accurate map of China, but it also contained the first separately issued European maps of Korea and Bhutan, and the first accurate map of Tibet in ten sheets.
China was highly fashionable in France at the time. The Abbé Raynal, for example, emphasised China’s lack of hereditary nobility, the “benevolent despotism” of the Emperor, and the supposedly moderate taxes, all issues in contemporary France. This interest in China’s political system was offset by an interest in its literature. Parts of Confucius had been translated into Latin in 1669, and Voltaire himself advocated reading Confucius’ works. The publication of du Halde and d’Anville’s works marked the point at which “French Sinophilism developed into Sinomania” (Rowbotham).