The first Servetus edition of Ptolemy
By PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius; Michael VILLANOVANUS, known as ‘SERVETUS’, 1535
Claudii Ptolemaei Alexandrini Geographicae enarrationis libri octo ex Bilibaldi Pirckeymheri tralatione, sed ad Graeca & prisca exemplaria à Michaele Villanouano iam primum recogniti.
- Author: PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius; Michael VILLANOVANUS, known as ‘SERVETUS’
- Publication place: Lyon
- Publisher: Melchior and Gasper Trechsel
- Publication date: 1535.
- Physical description: Folio. Large woodcut printer’s device on title-page; double-page woodcut old map of the world, 26 old regional maps, 2 modern maps of the world, 20 new regional maps and one full-page, map 44 of India supplied, most with text enclosed in elaborate woodcut borders, probably by Hans Holbein and Urs Graf, text with 2 full-page woodcuts of a diagram and armillary sphere showing the projection of the winds by Albrecht Dürer (l4 verso), 4 large woodcut diagrams, woodcut initials, colophon n4 present, contemporary limp vellum, remains of two pairs of ties, title in manuscript on the spine, endpapers from a sixteenth-century account of Roman law printed in red and blackCollation: a‑i(6), k‑m(6), n(4), 50 maps, A‑G(6), 2[-]; pp., -149, , 50 maps, 
- Dimensions: 400 by 275mm. (15.75 by 10.75 inches).
- Inventory reference: 13910
The maps for Servetus’ edition are printed from the same woodblocks that were created by Laurent Fries for the 1522 edition of Ptolemy’s ‘Geographia’, after the original 1513 maps of Martin Waldseemuller (1470–1520). Fries was originally a physician, “at a succession of places in the Alsace region, with a short spell in Switzerland, before settling in Strasbourg, in about 1519. By this time, he had established a reputation as a writer on medical topics, with several publications already to his credit. Indeed, it was thus that Fries met the Strasbourg printer and publisher Johann Grüninger, an associate of the St. Die group of scholars formed by, among others, Walter Lud, Martin Ringmann and Martin Waldseemuller. It would seem that Gruninger was responsible for printing several of the maps prepared by Waldseemuller, and for supervising the cutting of the maps for the 1513 edition of Ptolemy, edited by the group.
Three of the maps relate to the Americas: ‘Terra Nova’, the first map in an atlas dedicated to America; ‘Tabula noua totius orbis’, to which he added images of Russian, Egyptian, Etheopian, Trapobanan and Mursulian kings, and an elephant off the coast of Greenland; and ‘Orbis typus universalis’, the ‘Admiral’s map’, and the first map in an atlas to name America’.
- Alden & Landis 535/14
- Alden, J. and Landis, D., eds. (1980). European Americana: A Chronological Guide to Works Printed in Europe Relating to the Americas, 1493–1776, New York: Readex Books.
- Burden 4
- Burden, Philip. (2007). The mapping of North America. Rickmansworth: Raleigh Publications.
- Phillips Atlases 364
- Phillips, P. (1909–1992). A list of goegrpahical atlases in the Library of Congress. Washington: Govt. Print. Off.
- Sabin 66483
- Sabin, J. (1962). A Dictionary of books relating to America. Amsterdam: Israel.
- Shirley 47–49.
- Shirley, Rodney. (1987). The mapping of the world. London: Holland Press.