The first folio world atlas printed in England
By BLOME, Richard, 1670
A Geographical Description of the Four Parts of the World.
- Author: BLOME, Richard
- Publication place: London
- Publisher: T[homas] N[ewcombe] for R. Blome
- Publication date: 1670.
- Physical description: 5 parts in one volume, folio (374 by 234mm), titles printed in red and black, double-page engraved folding twin-hemisphere map of the world and 24 double-page maps (the maps of N. Afria and Mediterranean joined to form one), each with original hand-colour in outline, with cartouches hand-coloured in full and mounted on guards, Ex libris Fox Pointe Collection, binding full speckled calf, spine in seven compartments separated by raised bands, gilt.
- Inventory reference: 15310
Blome was one of the most prolific publishers in post-Restoration London active between 1677 and 1705. He published a number of successful volumes including Britannia (1673), which included a large series of county maps, Speed’s Maps Epitomiz’d (1681), and the present volume. S. Mendyk described him as “an opportunistic, businesslike cultivator of both patronage and the mapmaker’s art” (DNB).
Blome began engraving maps for this atlas in 1667. He copied the maps published by the French geographer and mapmaker Nicolas Sanson in his Cartes Generales de toutes les Parties du Monde of 1658. Sanson’s volume was notable for its depiction of America with California shown as an island. In addition to the illustrated maps, Blome’s atlas includes a wealth of information for merchants with detailed sections on the different parts of the world including comments on matters of trade.
To finance the atlas Blome sold subscriptions, which was a relatively novel strategy for the time. He required a partial payment upfront with the balance due after publication. In return, the subscriber would have his arms engraved on one of the atlas’s maps as well as receiving honourable mention within the text. He advertised the atlas in the London Gazette (No. 412, 28 October 1669) to attract subscriptions. Once published, the volume was offered at a price of 30 shillings.
Blome dedicated the volume to King Charles II and included a royal decree of assistance, dated 10 July 1669. There is a further royal decree dated 14 March 1668/9 that forbids anyone from reprinting or reproducing any form of the contents in the atlas.
The atlas was well received and was published again in later editions with the title Cosmography and Geography in 1682, 1683, and 1693 with text by Bernard Varenius.
- Sabin 5968 Shirley, British Library T.BLOM-1a
- Sabin, J. (1962). A Dictionary of books relating to America. Amsterdam: Israel.