The first English world atlas — a spectacular example: red-ruled and with fine period colour.
By SPEED, John, 1676
The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. Presenting An Exact Geography of the Kingdomes of England, Scotland, and Ireland and the Isles adjoyning with the Shires Hundreds Citys and the Shire townes within the Kingdome of England devided and described As also A Prospect of the most famous Parts of the World by John Speed With many Additions never before Extant.
- Author: SPEED, John
- Publication place: London
- Publisher: Printed for Thomas Bassett and Richard Chiswell
- Publication date: 1676.
- Physical description: Folio atlas, two works, comprising five parts in one volume (450 by 320mm), incorporating 96 double-page engraved maps; the first work: four parts in one volume, royal achievement of Charles II, engraved title, printed title, dedications and licence, and 11pp. preliminaries, and 68 double-page engraved maps; the second work: printed title incorporating contents leaf and 28 double-page engraved maps, red-ruled throughout, with the engraved title in full period colour and each map in outline period colour, contemporary calf, re-backed. Collation: The first work: ; A‑Eeee2 (signatures E1r — Eeee2v are paginated 1–146), the pages bearing maps are not numbered or allowed for in the numeration, Ffff-Hhhh2 (index). The second work: ; A‑Ee2, (paginated 1–56, the pages bearing maps are not numbered or allowed for in the numeration).
- Inventory reference: 2297
This example of the atlas has the distinction of having the preliminary engraved title, and the dedicatory page (to Charles II) in spectacular full period colour, and with each map in period outline colour. In addition, the work has been red-ruled throughout, with a double border in red ink applied around each map or page of text. This technique was peculiar to seventeenth century England, where it was considered a luxurious touch that enhanced the beauty and value of the object. In 1663, Samuel Pepys recorded in his diary that he had just “ruled with red ink my English Mare Clausium which … makes it now very handsome.” Examples of the atlas with period colour and red-ruling are very uncommon and highly desirable.
The ‘Theatre of Great Britaine’ (first published in 1611–1612) dominated the seventeenth-century English map market, going through many reprints and editions. In 1627, Speed’s publisher added a foreign supplement, the first of its kind to be published in England. For this final 1676 edition of the ‘Prospect’, the publisher added a further eight mapsheets. These included four of the Americas, engraved by Francis Lamb (namely New England & New York, Carolina & Florida, Virginia & Maryland, and Jamaica & Barbados), three further foreign maps (of the East Indies, Russia, and the Holy Land), and a map of the ‘Invasions of England and Ireland’.
- Skelton 92
- Skelton, R. (1978). County Atlases of the British Isles 1579–1850. Folkestone: Dawson.
- Chubb xxvii
- Chubb, T., Skells, J. and Beharrell, H. (1977). The printed maps in the atlases of Great Britain and Ireland. Folkestone: Dawson.
- Sabin 89228.
- Sabin, J. (1962). A Dictionary of books relating to America. Amsterdam: Israel.