The first English world atlas
By SPEED, John, 1676
The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine Presenting An Exact Geography of the Kingdomes of England, Scotland, and Ireland and the Isles adjoyning with the Shires Hundreds Citys and the Shire townes within the Kingdome of England devided and described As also A Prospect of the most famous Parts of the World by John Speed With many Additions never before Extant.
- Author: SPEED, John
- Publication place: London
- Publisher: Printed for Thomas Bassett and Richard Chiswell
- Publication date: 1676.
- Physical description: Folio atlas, two works, comprising five parts, in one volume (425 by 280mm), incorporating 96 double-page engraved maps; the first work: four parts in one volume, royal achievement of Charles II, engraved title, printed title, dedications and l icence, 11pp. preliminaries, 68 double-page engraved maps; the second work: printed title incorporating contents leaf and 28 double-page engraved maps, good impressions throughout, a few maps with marginal discoloration, some staining at the upper margin affecting engraved surface of several maps, map of Chester pasted over another map (text is correct), stain on verso of map of Virginia (not obscuring text), contemporary mottled calf, skilfully rebacked.Collation: The first work: ; A‑Eeee2 (signatures E1r — Eeee2v are paginated 1–146), the pages bearing maps are not numbered or allowed for in the numeration, Ffff-Hhhh2 (index). The second work: ; A‑Ee2, (paginated 1–56, the pages bearing maps are not numbered or allowed for in the numeration).
- Inventory reference: 3187
The 1676 edition of John Speed’s famous atlas marked the high point of its publication history. The work was first issued in 1612 as ‘The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain’ and was purely an English county atlas. In 1627 it was expanded to include ‘A Prospect of the most Famous Parts of the World’, containing 20 maps (the world and four continents, Greece, the Roman Empire, Germany, Bohemia, France, the Low Countries, Spain, Italy, Hungary, Denmark, Poland, Persia, the Ottoman Empire, China, Tartary, and Bermuda). This was the last edition to be published in Speed’s lifetime; he died in 1629. Subsequent editions of the atlas were designed to be sold with or without the ‘Prospect’, which was available separately. At some point after 1668 the plates were sold by Roger Rea to Thomas Bassett and Richard Chiswell, whom in 1676 published a new edition of the combined ‘Theatre’ and ‘Prospect’.
The new edition was the first to contain a title-page for both the ‘Theatre’ and the ‘Prospect’, and a general index covering the text of both. A further eight new maps were also added; these included four of the Americas engraved by Francis Lamb (namely New England and New York, Carolina and Florida, Virginia and Maryland, and Jamaica and Barbados), three further foreign maps (of the East Indies, Russia, and the Holy Land), and a map of the ‘Invasions of England and Ireland’, inserted into the ‘Theatre’.
2. Sotheby’s, Library of Lord Wardington, 10 October 2006, lot 485.
- Chubb xxvii
- Chubb, T., Skells, J. and Beharrell, H. (1977). The printed maps in the atlases of Great Britain and Ireland. Folkestone: Dawson.
- Sabin 89228
- Sabin, J. (1962). A Dictionary of books relating to America. Amsterdam: Israel.
- Skelton 92
- Skelton, R. (1978). County Atlases of the British Isles 1579–1850. Folkestone: Dawson.