One of the most important … Dutch sea-atlases”

By COLOM, Arnold, 1658 

Zee-Atlas, ofte Water-Wereldt. Inhoudende een Korte Beschrijvinge van alle de Bekende Zee-Kusten des Aardtrycks. Nieuwelijcks uyt-ghegheven, door Arnold Colom.

World
  • Author: COLOM, Arnold
  • Publication place: Amsterdam
  • Publisher: Arnold Colom
  • Publication date: c.1658–1659
  • Physical description: Second edition, folio atlas (565 by 343mm), 17 double-page engraved maps, backed on contemporary paper (as often), lacking title, Preface to the Reader’, and dedication to the Rotterdam Committee (3 leaves supplied in facsimile, apparently from the British Library), light general staining, some marginal soiling, binding repaired, and with large stain on upper cover, original Dutch vellum gilt, gilt edges.
  • Inventory reference: 1014

Notes

Arnold Colom, the son of Jacob Colom, was, like his father, a bookseller, printer, and chartmaker. He would appear to have produced only two maritime atlases throughout his career: a pilot of the Mediterranean, and a sea atlas of the world. The reasons for this are unclear although with the market so dominated by the likes of Janssonius, Goos, and Doncker, his work might have struggled to secure a foot-hold. However, his Zee Atlas’, which Colom published between 1654–58, was one of the largest format sea atlases produced in Amsterdam, with each chart printed from an oversized copperplate. According to Koeman it is: One of the most important atlases in the well known category of Dutch sea-atlases”.

There are three distinct editions” of the Zee-Atlas’, the first with 16 charts, the second with 17 (with the chart of New England), and the third with 18 charts, adding the chart of the Pacific. For the second edition, the original date of the chart of Scandinavia (1654) was erased; during the printing life of this edition, the date was erased from the New England chart. Both are present here undated.

This is an early issue of the second edition, with the plate numbers sequential from 1 (world map) to 16 (Oost Indien), with the chart of the Sondt bound as chart 17, but without plate number, not described thus by Koeman. This example, although lacking three of the preliminary leaves, has the dedication to the Board of Admiralty in Amsterdam, in Dutch setting, closest to Koeman’s description of the example in the Maritime Museum, Amsterdam. This sheet supplies the evidence for the dating of this edition, as the individuals listed held office together only in 1658 and 1659.

Apart from its rarity, the Zee-Atlas’ is important for its cartographic highlights, including the earliest Dutch sea chart of the New Netherlands to appear in an atlas (Jacob Theunisz Lootsman’s chart is believed to pre-date it, but seems not to have been regularly published until later), while the three charts of the oceans are on the same scale (1:14mill.) as Portuguese and Spanish charts of that time. It marked the first time that such charts were published as atlas sheets” (Koeman IV, p.115).

The atlas is exceptionally rare and we are only able to trace one copy – the present example – coming up for sale in the last 30 years. 

Provenance

From the Library of Lord Wardington. 

Bibliography

  1. Koeman, A. Col. 2, and 1–3.
    • Koeman, C. (1967). Atlantes Neerlandici. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. 6 vols.

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