Composite pilot containing charts by Nordenanker and Klint

By NORDENANKAR, Johan; KLINT, Eric; KLINT, Gustaf af, 1785 

[Composite Baltic Pilot]

  • Author: NORDENANKAR, Johan; KLINT, Eric; KLINT, Gustaf af
  • Publication place: [Stockholm
  • Publication date: 1785–1820].
  • Physical description: Large folio (700 by 530mm), 34 engraved charts (of which 32 are double-page two single page and two loosely inserted), later half-calf over marbled paper baords, spine in six compartments separated by raised bands, red morocco label letter in gilt.
  • Inventory reference: 18458


In 1757, a concerted effort was begun by the Swedish Admiralty to update and re-chart Swedish waters, through detailed triangulation of the coasts. The surveying work was entrusted to Nils Schenmark (1720–1788), Johan Covin (1722–1804), later ennobled as Nordenankar in 1763, and Johan Justander (1713–74). In 1772, Nordenankar was appointed head of the Swedish Sea-chart Authority, and ten years later as head of the Improvement of Sea-charts as a whole. He was helped in the great re-charting endeavour by Erik Klint (1732–1812) who had been, since 1761, triangulating the southern coast of Sweden. Between 1785–90, an atlas of charts, bearing Nordenankar’s name, was published. The work consisted of 12 charts, with the majority drawn by Erik Klint.

The Swedish Admiralty Office was disbanded in 1791, and there was no-one who wanted to take up Johan Nordenankar’s work on the sea-atlas. To rescue the situation, Gustaf af Klint (1771–1840), who at the time was captain in the navy, offered to take over the publishing of the sea-charts on contract. He had received early training as a cartographer of sea-charts from his father, Erik af Klint. The proposal was accepted, and in 1798 af Klimt was granted an exclusive licence for 20 years. This laid the foundations for Svergie sjœatlas” (Sweden’s Sea-Atlas). During the period 1798–1820, af Klint published around forty charts with descriptions of the coasts. After 1818, he was awarded a public grant of 1,000 riksdaler towards the works production. When the work was taken over by the state in 1848, the atlas consisted of 65 charts.

The present work contains 15 charts by Nordenaker (a definitive list of all his published charts) together with 19 by Gustaf al Klint published up to 1820.

List of charts:


1. [1] General Charta till Sveriges Sjoatlas, forsta delen 1797.
2. [2] General Charta till Sveriges Sjoatlas, andra delen 1795.
3. [3] Pass Charta ofver Bottenwiken, 1790
4. [4] Pass Charta ofver Norra delen av Botten-hafwet, 1791.
5. [5] Pass Charta ofver N:ra delen av Ostersjon, Alandshaf och sodra delen av Betterhafwet, 1791.
6. [6] Pass Charta ofver Finska Viken, 1791.
7. [7] Medlersta delen av Ostersjon, 1801.
8. [8] Pass Charta ofver S:O delen av Ostersjon, 1802.
9. [28] Special Charta ofver kusten fran Soderhamn till Stockholm, 1800.
10. [29] Special Charta ofver Pater Noster Skaren, 1795.
11. [30] Special Charta ofver Luro Skargard i Sjon Wenern, 1789 corrected 1805.
12. [31] Hydrographisk Charta ofver Ostra delen av Sjon Wenern, 1789.
13. [32] Hydrographisk Charta ofver Vastra delen av Sjon Wenern, 1789.
14. Pass Charta ofver Kattegat, 1792. (loose)
15. Pass Charta ofver Balterne, sundet och Sydvastra delen av Ostersjon, 1789. (loose)

KLINT, Gustaf

16. [9] Karta ofver Syd Westra Delen af Ostersjon, 1808.
17. [10] Karta Ofver Kattegat och Bohus Bugten med en del av Skagerrack, 1806.
18. [11] Karta ofver Bohus Bugten, 1806.
19. [12] Karta ofver den Ostra Delen af Kattegat, 1805.
20. [13] Karta ofver Sundet emellan Sverige och Dannemark med nagransande delar af Ostersjon och Kattegat, 1804.
21. [14] Karta ofver Nordsjon, 1797.
22. [15] Karta ofver Norra delen av Nordsjon, 1805.
23. [16] Karta ofver Nord Ostradelen av Nordsjon samt Skagerack, 1803.
24. [17] Charta ofver sodra delen af Nordsjon, 1799.
25. [18] Karta ofver Brittiske Oarne, 1803.
26. [19] Charta ofver Engelska Canalen, Franska bugten, Portugisiska sjon och en del av Medel, 1798.
27. [20] Charta ofver Engelska Canalen, 1801.
28. [21] Charta ofver Uppgaende Grunden jamte oppingarna till St Georges Bristols och Engelska Kanal, 1801.
29. [22] Karta ofver Franka Bugten, 1804.
30. [23] Karta ofver Nordwestra kusterna af Spanien och Portugal, 1803.
31. [24] Karta ofver Gibraltar sund med derintill gransande delar af Atlantiska Oceanen, 1802.
32. [25] Karta ofver Westra delen av Medelhafvet, 1820.
33. [26] Karta over den medlersta dlen Medelhafvet, 1820.
34. [27] Karta ofver den ostra delen af Medelhafvet tillika med Marmorasjon, 1820. 

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