Isolario di Benedetto Bordone
nel qual si ragiona di tutte l’Isole del mondo, con li lor nomi antichi & moderni, historie, fawle, & modi del loro viere, & in qual parallelo & dima giaciono. Con la gionta del Monte del Oro noiamente ritrouto. Con il breve del Papa et gratia & privilegio della Illustrssi ma Signoria di Venetia come in quelli appare.
- Author: BORDONE, Benedetto di
- Publication place: Venice
- Publisher: [Nicolo Zoppino]
- Publication date: 1534.
- Physical description: Small folio (300 by 200mm), , title printed in red and black within woodcut borders, full-page diagram, 112 woodcut maps (of which seven are double-page), all in CONTEMPORARY OUTLINE HAND-COLOUR, ownership inscription of De Monceaux dated 1639 on title and exlibris of Roberto Almagia, some spotting and staining, and some outer woodcut borders trimmed as usual, but generally a fresh and appealing copy with attractive colour, contemporary limp vellum.
- Inventory reference: 1001
The rare second and, from an Americanist point of view, the most desirable edition of the ‘Isolario’ as it contains for the first time the “gionta del Monte del Oro novamente ritrovato” mentioned on the titlepage, the earliest authentic description of Pizzaro’s entry into Peru to appear in a printed book. A highly unusual copy for being finished in contemporary hand-colour; an infrequent occurrence among sixteenth-century Italian books.
The isolario, or “book of islands”, was a cartographic form introduced and developed in Italy during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Like the portolano, or pilot-book, to which it was related, it had its origin in the Mediterranean as an illustrated guide for travellers in the Aegean archipelago and the Levant. Bordone’s ‘Isolario’ was the second isolario to be printed and the first to give prominence to the transatlantic discoveries.
Divided into three books, the ‘Isolario’ is devoted, respectively, to the “islands and peninsulas” of the western ocean, to the Mediterranean, and to islands of the Indian Ocean and the Far East. While this order corresponds very roughly to that of Ptolemy, it gives conspicuous priority to the discoveries across the Atlantic. In addition to a page of diagrams illustrating the construction of a circular world map and wind roses of “ancient” and “modern type”, there are three general maps: Europe, the Aegean, and an oval world map. The work also contains 107 small maps, plans, or views, including a nearly three-quarter page plan of Mexico City before the conquest of Cortez – which qualifies because it is an island. According to Cortazzi, the ‘Isolario’ also contains the earliest European printed individual map of Japan.
Once the property of the renowned historian and scholar of Italian cartography Roberto Almagia, whose exlibris is on the front pastedown.
- Shirley, BL, T.BORD-1a
- Shirley, Rodney. (2004). Maps in the Atlases of the British Library: A descriptive catalogue cAD850 to 1800. London: British Library. 2 vols.
- Shirley, World, 59.
- Shirley, Rodney. (1987). The mapping of the world. London: Holland Press.