Rare early nineteenth century pocket globe
- [Pocket globe].
- LORIOT, A[uguste], [after] Nicolas LANE
- 65 New Bond Street,
- Publication place
- Publication date
Seven centimetre globe, papier mâché, covered with plaster coating and 12 full globe gores, clicked at latitude 70 degrees, with two polar calottes, original hand-colour, varnished, housed in shagreen case, engraved celestial gores with 12 full globe gores, clicked at latitude 70 degrees, with two polar calottes, original colour, pasted to inside, paste-over imprint to cartouche.
Auguste Loriot (1755-1831) was a Normandy-born stationer, perfumier and toymaker. He set up his business in London at 60 New Bond Street in 1784, where he remained until 1807. He held a warrant to the Prince and Princess of Wales between 1802 and 1811, and moved to new premises at 65 New Bond Street in 1808, from where he also ran a juvenile library. He returned to his birthplace of Caen in France around 1826.
The present globe is the work of Nicolas Lane (fl. 1775-1783) whose business was particularly associated with pocket globes. Little is know about Lane's output, however, Dekker suggests that the globes were produced from the earlier works of Ferguson and Dudley Adams. When and where Lane acquired the plates is unknown, however, we have been able to trace a similar globe, dated 1809, bearing Lane's imprint. Loriot's only addition is to apply his paste over to Lane's imprint.
The globe shows the prime meridian from London, the tracks of both Anson and Cook. Australia is drawn to include Cook's voyages. Both the Arctic and Antarctic are marked 'Frozen Ocean'.
The celestial gores - first published by Cushee in 1731 - are geocentric in orientation; and, in a departure from most previous pocket globes are concave thus depicting the constellations as seen from Earth. Previous pocket globes, most notably John Senex's pocket globe of 1730, simply used gores intended for celestial globes, thus rendering the night sky in reverse when pasted to the inside of the case. The difference is most noticeable in the orientation of 'Ursa Major', with the bear facing the other direction.